By the time they reach Phase 3, children will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2.
Over the twelve weeks which Phase 3 is expected to last, twenty-five new graphemes are introduced:
Set 6: j, v, w, x
Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
Consonant diagraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
Vowel diagraphs and trigraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er